Mexico-Korea Free Trade Agreement: What You Need to Know

The Mexico-Korea Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was signed on April 1, 2004. This agreement aims to increase trade and investment between Mexico and South Korea. The FTA covers a wide range of sectors, including agriculture, textiles, automobiles, electronics, and so on.

Since the agreement took effect, trade between Mexico and South Korea has grown significantly. In 2019, Mexico`s exports to South Korea amounted to $6.4 billion, while imports from South Korea totaled $12.2 billion. South Korea is Mexico`s 8th largest trading partner.

Benefits of the Mexico-Korea FTA

The Mexico-Korea FTA has brought several benefits to both countries. Some of the key advantages include:

1. Tariff Elimination: The FTA eliminates tariffs on most goods traded between Mexico and South Korea. This has made imports and exports cheaper, which has increased trade volume.

2. Investment opportunities: The FTA encourages foreign investment between Mexico and South Korea. This has led to the creation of new joint ventures and business opportunities.

3. Market access: The FTA has opened up new markets for Mexican and Korean companies. This has allowed them to sell their products and services in new regions.

4. Improved competitiveness: The FTA has forced Mexican and Korean companies to become more competitive. This has led to increased innovation, higher quality products, and lower prices.

Challenges and future prospects

Although the Mexico-Korea FTA has been successful, there are still some challenges that both countries face. For example:

1. Geographical distance: Mexico and South Korea are geographically distant from each other. This can make it difficult for companies to ship goods back and forth.

2. Language and cultural barriers: There are significant differences between Mexican and Korean cultures and languages. This can make it challenging for companies to communicate effectively.

3. Competition from other countries: Mexico and South Korea both face competition from other countries. This can make it difficult for them to increase their market share.

Despite these challenges, the future looks bright for the Mexico-Korea FTA. Both countries have expressed interest in strengthening their economic ties, and there is room for growth in several sectors.


Overall, the Mexico-Korea FTA has been a success. It has increased trade and investment between two countries, leading to economic growth in both regions. While challenges persist, both countries remain committed to strengthening their economic ties and expanding their trade relationship. As such, it is safe to say that the Mexico-Korea FTA will continue to benefit both countries for years to come.